The original Names and Terms, which are understood all over the Muslim World have been retained un-translated here. These are explained below so as to facilitate the reader.

Adaa On-time execution of Salaat
Arkaan Essential points or acts
At-tahiyaat The Salutation to Allah
Azan The call for Salaat
Chaasht Time (for non-obligatory Salaat) before Noon
Daleel Qat-i. Solid proof of argument
Daleel Zanni Logical proof by reasoning
Dhikr Remembrance of Allah
Durood Seeking blessings of Allah on the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace)
Eid Muslim religious festival
Eid Khutba Eid Sermon
Faasiq Evil-Doer
Reward Credit
Fajar-e-Awwal Earliest sign of dawn before sun-rise
Fardh Obligatory religious practices
Fardh Kifaayah Collectively obligatory (that which if fulfilled by a part of the community absolves the rest)
Haraam Forbidden, religiously un-lawful
Imam Any Muslim fit who leads the Salaat
Iqaamat Recited call just before Salaat, alerts Congregants
Iqtida Following Imam’s movements
Istighfaar Seeking forgiveness of Allah
Istiqbale Qiblah Facing Ka’aba in Makkah
Jalsah Halting in between two prostrations
Jama’at Congregation of two or more persons, congregational Salaat
Juma Friday congregation
Kafir Non-believer
Kalima The pure Kalima, assertion of the oneness of Allah
Khutba Sermon
Makrooh Disliked (action)
Makrooh Tanzihi More un-desirable
Makrooh Tehrimi Most un-desirable
Mareedh Ill, patient
Mayyit The dead body
Mubaah Acceptable, allowable
Musaafir Traveller
Musallaa Salaat mat
Musbooq Congregant who has missed initial Raka’at (s)
Mustahab Acts preferred by the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and his companions
Na-baaligh Any child who has not attained puberty
Nafil Non-obligatory, optional
Namazi The congregant, anyone or everyone participating in Salaat
Qad’ah Religious practice performed after due time
Qauma Standing posture, after bowing, during Salaat
Qiblah Direction of Ka’aba
Qiraat Recitation of Holy Qur’an
Qiyaam Standing posture in the Salaat
Rafa Yadain Raising both hands up to ears and saying "Allaho Akbar"
Raka’at A unit of Salaat, comprising Qiyaam, one Ruku and two Sajdas
Ruku Posture of Salaat bowing horizontally with hands on knees
R.A. Radhi-Allah-Anho (may Allah reward him)
Sajda Prostration (especially in Salaat)
Salaat Islamic way of worshipping Allah
Sana Praise of Allah at start of Salaat
Sunnat Practice or saying of the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace)
Sunnatul Ghair Muaq Qad’ah Prayers prescribed by the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) may or may not be offered
Sunnatul Muaq-Qad’ah Prayers prescribed by the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Non-offering is a sin
Sunnatuz-Zaa-idah Supplementary Salaat (no sin if not offered)
Tahmeed Recitation of words in praise of Allah viz. Surah Fatiha
Tahyatul Masjid Two Raka’ats of prayers immediately on entering mosque before sitting
Takbeer Tahreemah Recitation of words Allaho-Akbar (Allah is Greatest)
Talawat Recitation of the Holy Qur’an
Tarteeb Order of precedence as prescribed
Tashah-hud Affirmation statement "Muhammad is Allah’s Prophet" in sitting posture before end of Salaat
Tasleem Acceptance
Tauba Seeking forgiveness of sins from Allah
Tawaf-e-Ka'aba Circumambulation of Ka’aba
Tayammum System of ablution when no water is available
Zakat Obligatory charity payable on wealth
Zawal Decline, declining sun’s position after crossing zenith