The Obligatory (Fardh)
There are six parts of Salaat, which are Fardh. If any of the Fardh
constituents is not carried out the Salaat is null and void- irrespective of whether it
has been missed out intentionally or unintentionally.
The six Fardh constituents of Salaat are:
- Takbeer Tahreemah
- Qadah Akhirah
(i) Takbeer Tahreemah, viz. After making Intention for the Salaat to
Allah is Great
(ii) Qiyaam. The posture of standing during, which the Qiraat is
(iii) Qiraat. To recite some verses of the Holy Quran.
(iv) Ruku. The posture of bowing down.
(v) Sajda. The posture of prostrating.
(vi) Qadah Akhirah. The Final sitting posture in the last
Rakaat of any Salaat. This sitting is Fardh
to the extent of the duration of
If any of the Fardh constituents are left out or not full-filled, the
Salaat is rendered void. The Salaat in such a case must be performed again.
Sunnat and Nafil Salaat
- During the day time it is permissible to perform either two Rakaats Nafil or four
Rakaats Nafil with a single salutation. It is forbidden during the day time, to
perform more than four Rakaats Nafil with one Tasleem. During the daytime Nafil can
be performed in only batches of two Rakaats or four Rakaats.
- During the evenings or at night - time it is permissible to perform six or eight
Rakaats Nafil with one Tasleem. However, even at night it is not permissible to
perform Nafil Salaat in batches greater than eight Rakaats - i.e. more than eight
Rakaats with one Tasleem.
- Once Intention for Four Rakaats Nafil has been formed, one should perform the full
four Rakaats. In the first Qadah (i.e. the sitting position at the end of the
second Rakaat) of the Sunnat and Nafil Salaat the Namazi has a choice of reciting
At-tahiyaat. Durood and Dua or only At-tahiyaat (Tashah-hud).
- In a Four-Rakaat or Three-Rakaat Fardh or Witr Salaat, it is not permissible
to recite Durood and Dua after Tashah-hud in the first Qadah).
- If in the first Qadah of a Four-Rakaat Nafil Salaat Tashah-hud, Durood and
Dua were recited, the Namazi should commence the third Rakaat with Sana. And, if
only Tashah-hud was recited, the Namazi should begin the third Rakaat with Tasmia -
and Surah Fatiha - he should omit Sana in this case.
- Similarly, if an Intention is made to perform eight Rakaat Nafil with one Tasleem,
the Namazi has the choice of reciting in each Qadah besides Qadah Akhirah (the
Last Qadah) either Tashah-hud Durood and Dua or only Tashah-hud. If he chooses to
recite only the Tashah-hud then the Rakaat following the Qadah should be
commenced without reciting Sana.
- Once the Namazi begins with a Nafil Salaat, it becomes obligatory upon him to complete
it. If he breaks he becomes a sinner and shall have to make Qadah of it. However,
every two Rakaats of Nafil is regarded as a separate Salaat. Thus if an Intention is
made to perform four, six or eight Rakaats and the Namazi after commencing the
Salaat breaks it, say for instance in the first or second Rakaat, Qadah of
only the Rakaats missed must be performed.
- The Namazi made Intention to perform four Rakaats Salaat. After two Rakaats,
he recited Tashah-hud Durood and Dua, and in the third or four Rakaats broke the
Salaat. In this case only two Rakaats Qadah will have to be offered.
- However, if the Namazi did not sit in the Qadah after the second Rakaat,
then Qadah of all four Rakaats will have to be offered.
- If, after beginning with the four Rakaats Sunnat Zuhr, the Namazi broke the
Salaat, then he must offer Qadah of the full four Rakaats.
- It is permissible to perform Nafil Salaat in sitting position. But, if it is performed
while sitting, without any valid reason, the Reward of the Salaat is reduced by half.
The Obligatory (Wajib)
The following parts of the Salaat are Wajib:
Its recitation individually or its audition in congregation.
To fulfil the various constituent parts (i.e. the Fardh and Wajib
parts) in their appropriate order as described in the section dealing with the method of
performing the Salaat.
To sit after every two Rakaats - duration of the Qadah is
the time taken to recite the Tash-hud.
To recite Tashah-hud in every Qadah.
To recite Dua-e-Qunoot in the Third Rakaat of Witr Salaat.
To stand erect after the Ruku before going into Sajda.
To offer the Salaam (to the angel on each shoulder).
If the Namazi omits any of the Wajib constituents the error must be
rectified by the performance of Sajda-us-Sahw.
All other parts of the Salaat, besides the Fardh and Wajib
constituents, are Sunnat and Mustahab. The Namazi should strictly adhere to all the Sunnat
and Mustahab factors of Salaat. He should not omit any of these without good reason.
However, no Sajda-us-Sahw is performed if any of the Sunnat and Mustahab factors are